On the 24th of October 1890, a double murder took place in Hampstead, in the north of London, that truly shocked Victorian society, not least because the victims were a mother and her 18 month old baby daughter.
The attack on the mother, 31-year-old Mrs Phoebe Hogg, had been a brutal and a savage one; and, for a time, it led to press speculation that it might spell the return of the Whitechapel Murderer, albeit this theory was soon discounted when it was learnt that the circumstances behind the Hampstead atrocity, were totally different to the Ripper crimes in style, albeit they were equally as alarming in their implication.
As The Graphic informed its readers on the 1st of November 1890:-
“Great excitement was aroused last Saturday when it became known that a crime had been committed which seemed to indicate that the mysterious “Jack the Ripper” had recommenced his atrocities in a new neighbourhood; but the tide of curiosity rose far higher on Monday, when it was discovered that the horror was not of the “Ripper” type, but was even more complicated and puzzling in its surroundings.”
TERRIBLE MURDER IN HAMPSTEAD
A WOMAN FOUND WITH HER HEAD NEARLY OFF
On Sunday 26th of October 1890, under the above headline, Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper carried a full report on the events concerning the crime as they had unfolded over the course of that weekend:-
“A brutal murder was committed on Friday evening at Hampstead, the body of the victim being found in the Crossfield-road, near the Swiss Cottage.
WHERE THE BODY WAS FOUND
It appears certain the woman was not killed upon the spot where her body was discovered.
Crossfield-road, Hampstead, is a quiet road in a rather aristocratic part of the suburb. Just beside where the body was found some new houses are in course of erection.
Here the pathway is not well defined, and in some places it is covered with rubbish.
On the opposite side of the road are two gardens.
The spot is midway between two lamps, which are about 200 yards apart, and therefore it is very dark.
WHAT MR MCDONALD SAW
On Friday night, a young gentleman, Mr. S. McDonald, residing at 5 Belsize-park, in the immediate neighbourhood, was passing through Crossfield-road when he saw the figure of a woman lying on the ground.
At first he thought that she was drunk, and he passed on.
Then it struck him that she might be ill, and he returned.
The night was dull and dark, and he could just distinguish the outline of the woman’s figure. Her head was enveloped in some garment.
THE POLICE ARRIVE
Mr. McDonald went immediately to Swiss-Cottage station and brought back with him Constable Gardiner of the S division.
The officer felt the Woman’s pulse, and finding it motionless he blew his whistle, bringing Constable Stalker to his assistance.
In the meantime Mr. McDonald, at the officer’s suggestion, went in pursuit of the nearest medical man, Dr. Poulett Wells, of Belsize-park.
About the same time, Mr. A. C. Fox, a medical student, came upon the scene.
Inspector Wright, of Hampstead hill police station, was then sent for.”
SCOTLAND YARD CALLED IN
That the police at first believed that this murder might be the work of Jack the Ripper is evidenced by the fact that several of the detectives from Scotland Yard, who had worked on the ripper crimes, were soon on the scene.
On Saturday October 25th 1890, the Daily News reported that:-
“Information of the murder was promptly sent to Scotland-yard.
Inspector Swanson and several detectives who had been engaged from time to time in the Whitechapel inquiries started for Hampstead and took charge of the case.
All the ground in the vicinity has been thoroughly searched, but no weapon nor anything else likely to serve as a clue has been found.
The first doctor who saw the body noticed blood flowing from the side, which fact led at first to the belief that the woman had been stabbed and perhaps mutilated, but a cursory examination did not result in anything to support this theory.
People who have seen the body and the scene of the murder are strongly of the opinion that the unfortunate victim was seized from behind and was at once rendered speechless by one large, clean cut of a knife, as in the case of the women murdered in Whitechapel”.
THE DOCTOR’S EXAMINATION
Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, on Sunday October 26th, continued with its detailed report of the scene of the crime and the state of the body:-
“A hasty examination by Dr. Wells showed that the woman was quite dead and had, indeed, been dead for some time, probably an hour.
The body was that of a young woman about 30.
The head was almost severed from the body, and the face was smeared with blood. The head was loosely covered by a man’s brown cardigan jacket, the buttons gone, and the sleeves cut away.
The head was not, as has been erroneously stated, lying in a pool of blood.
Indeed, there was scarcely any blood at all on the ground, and this fact gives almost positive proof that the victim was not murdered where she lay.”
Dr. Wells would later make a statement giving the full details of the horrific injuries sustained by the victim.
Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper quoted his full statement in its issue of the 24th October 1890:-
“I was called on Friday night, and arrived at the scene of the murder, I should think, shortly before eight o’clock.
I should imagine, from the condition of the body, that death had taken place about an hour before.
There was a deep gash in the throat; it had gone right through the neck, dividing the spinal column, and the head merely hung by the soft tissues at the back.
The wound must have been inflicted with a sharp knife, and with extreme force.
The injury at the back of the head must also have been inflicted with immense force, for it penetrated the skull to a considerable area at the back, and comminuted the bone completely.
There was also a scalp wound, but not very extensive, on the front of the head.
There was a bruise on the right side of the lower jaw, and one on the knuckle of the right hand.
Whether the blow on the head or the wound in the neck was given first, I cannot tell.
Either of them was quite sufficient to cause death, and that is the strange thing about it. If the injury in the throat was first inflicted it was quite necessary – for the purpose of causing death, I mean – to have given the extensive wound in the head.
The cleanness of the cut in the neck gave one the idea that it was done – if I may use the term – in a “very leisurely way.” that it was a secondary act.
Of course, I cannot form any definite conclusion yet – I have not made the post-mortem examination – but it is probable that the blow on the head was given first, and then the throat cut with a strong knife with a short blade.
It could not have been done with a razor, as there would not be sufficient “‘purchase.”
The murderer was “very fortunate to have got through the vertebrae as he did,” for the ligaments are very difficult to separate.
The blow on the head might have been inflicted with a hammer, but I should hardly think so; it was done, I should say, by an instrument more pointed – the point of a pick-axe, for instance.
It was suggested when we examined the body that it had been done by a hatchet, as the other wound on the scalp showed no indentation of a point. I do not think it was a hatchet; it was not an instrument of that character, for the bone, as I say, was comminuted and broken into bits.”
It later transpired that, although the deceased woman was not wearing a wedding ring, there was a clear impression in the flesh of the relevant finger where “a very wide wedding ring had been.”
THE BODY TAKEN TO THE POLICE STATION
The newspaper continued with its report of the events by reporting what happened once the doctor had completed his examination:-
“With great care the body was carried to the Hampstead hill police-station, and here Dr. Herbert Cooper, the police divisional surgeon, joined Dr. Wells and Mr. Fox, and a more careful examination of the remains was made.
Besides the dreadful gash, which had almost severed the head from the body, there were several terrible wounds on the head. These bore the appearance of having been inflicted by some instrument, such as a pick-axe. In one case the brain had been penetrated.”
A SEARCH OF THE HOUSES
As soon as possible Inspector Collis, with a large staff of police, proceeded to the spot.
Detective-inspector Thomas Banister soon joined them in a careful search of the unoccupied houses, and of the ground in the vicinity.
Nothing was then discovered save a blood-stained brick, but later on a small screw nut was picked up, which proved to be an important find.
A DESCRIPTION OF THE DECEASED
On Saturday 25th October, newspapers across the United Kingdom, were carrying descriptions of the murdered woman, including the Aberdeen Evening Express, which informed its readers that:-
“It was found that the victim, of what beyond all doubt is one of the most dreadful murders of recent years, is a young woman of thirty two at the most.
Her dress pretty accurately indicated her position in life.
While not having the appearance of a member of the upper class, she was well and carefully dressed, and looked like a superior domestic servant.
When found, the head of the unhappy woman was enveloped in a man’s sleeveless cardigan jacket.
Her description, as noted by the police, is briefly as follows – she was not more than 32 years old; height 5 feet 5 inches; dark complexion, with black hair and blue eyes.
Her jacket was of imitation Astrachan, and her dress of black cashmere.
She wore two petticoats, one with red and yellow stripes, the other of white flannel.
Her white cotton chemise bore the letters “P. H.” neatly embroidered in red.
Her woollen stockings were blue in colour, and her woollen vest of a make with which those who have seen the body are unfamiliar. The style of the garment suggests she was nursing a child…”
A BABY’S PERAMBULATOR FOUND
During the night a message was received from St. John’s Wood police-station, stating that a baby’s perambulator, that was bloodstained and which had a broken handle, had been found in Hamilton-terrace, about a mile away from the spot where the body of the woman had been found.
In it lay a brown goatskin rug, lined with scarlet cloth. This was also stained with blood. A small quantity of woman’s hair, like that of the deceased, was in the perambulator, and there was also a piece of butterscotch in it too.
It was also found that the screw nut, which was picked up near the dead body, belonged to the perambulator.
JACK THE RIPPER’S RETURN?
Almost immediately rumours begin to circulate that the murder had been carried out by the same perpetrator of the Whitchapel crimes; and several newspapers did, indeed, consider this possibility before dismissing it.
Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper aired the suspicion in its issue of the 26th of October 1890:-
“Our Hampstead correspondent says: When the murder at first was bruited abroad the alarming rumour spread that Jack the Ripper had been at work in the locality, and had out off a woman’s head.
The inquiries made by our representative, however, seem to show that this latest atrocity was not perpetrated in the manner associated with that individual’s operations, though the details are of a sufficiently horrible nature to be considered well-akin thereto.”
MISS PHOEBE HOGG WAS MISSING
At 141, Prince of Wales Road, Kentish Town, the Hogg family were beginning to get worried about Phoebe Hogg, the wife of furniture porter Frank Hogg, and her 18 month old daughter Phoebe Hanslope Hogg – neither of whom had been seen since leaving home at around 3pm on the afternoon of Friday 24th of October.
Her husband, Frank, who was employed by his brother in his business of furniture moving, had left home as usual early on the Friday morning and had returned in the evening.
His mother and sister, who resided in the same house, but on an upper floor, then informed him that his wife had gone out.
Going into their rooms he found a note that his wife had left him which read, “look in the pot. I shall not be long. 3.10.”
Since her father, who lived at Rickmansworth, had been unwell, he presumed that she had received word that his condition had worsened and she had gone to visit him, and had opted to spend the night at his house.
FRANK HOGG SEARCHES FOR HIS WIFE
On the Saturday morning, Frank Hogg, who, so newspapers reported, had sat up till two in the morning, went to his work at six, and returned for breakfast at about eight o’clock, expecting to find a letter from his wife informing him of her father’s condition.
However, on arriving home, there was still no sign of his wife and baby.
He later recalled:-
“About half-past eight I really began to get concerned, and thought something had happened. I asked my sister to run down to Mrs. Pearcey’s.”
Having done this, he decided to go to Rickmansworth to see if his wife had, as the family believed, spent the night at her sick father’s house.
CLARA HOGG AND MARY PEARCEY
Frank Hogg’s sister, Clara, was also growing increasingly concerned about the whereabouts of her missing sister-in-law and niece.
She had, in fact, seen Phoebe leave home the previous afternoon, pushing the baby in a perambulator, and had watched her turn right and head off in the direction of Priory Street.
Therefore, when her brother asked her to pay a visit to Mrs Pearcey, who lived at 2 Priory Street, she readily agreed to do so.
Mary Pearcey, was a close friend of the Hogg family and she had, in fact, nursed Phoebe through a bout of illness in the the February of that year.
Clara, agreed with her brother that Phoebe might have gone to visit her, and so she went round to ask “Mrs. Pearcey” if she had seen anything of her sister-in-law and niece.
SHE HAD SEEN HER
Arriving at 2 Priory Street at around 9am, Clara Hogg knocked on the door and was answered by Mary, who had just, she said, woken up.
Clara asked, “Did Phoebe come here yesterday?” to which Mary Pearcey replied, “No.”
“Did not you see anything of her yesterday?” Clara Hogg persevered, and again the answer was “No.”
Mary then led Clara into the passage and into the bedroom, where the latter asked her again if she had seen her sister-in-law the previous day.
“As you press me,” was Pearcey’s reply, “I will tell you; she did come here yesterday about five o’clock, and wanted me to mind the baby a little while. I said I could not; she then asked me to lend her some money. I said I could not lend her any, as I had but a shilling and three-half pence in my purse.”
Pearcey then explained, “I did not tell you this before, as she particularly asked me not to let anyone know she had been.”
Clara then asked Mary if she would go with her to Kentish Town Railway Station to see if there had been any sighting of Phoebe there.
“Wait a minute, I will put on my hat and jacket and come with you,” was the reply, and the two women set out in search of Phoebe.
They had then separated for a time, but they met up about an hour and a half later at 141, Prince of Wales Road.
Here Clara noticed that there were bruises, cuts and scratches on Mrs Pearcey’s hands.
When asked about them, Pearcey explained them away by saying that she had been “killing mice.”
NEWS OF THE MURDER
At this point the landlady of the house, Mrs Barraud, came in and drew Clara’s attention to a newspaper article concerning a mysterious murder that had taken place nearby overnight.
Clara’s reply to this news was, “What do you mean? Tell me all about it. My sister has not been home all night. We have been enquiring in all directions, and cannot find her.”
Suspecting the worst, Clara then went to Mary and said, “Don’t puzzle yourself; Mrs. Barraud has just told me of such a dreadful murder at Hampstead; and from the description I am afraid it is Phoebe.”
Mary’s reply was, “Oh, no; Frank will bring her all right from Rickmansworth”
They then went out to buy several newspapers and proceeded to read the accounts of the murder – and the descriptions of the victim – that were, by that time, starting to appear in the press.
Convinced that the victim may well be Phoebe Hogg, Clara insisted that they must go to the police station; and Mary, somewhat reluctantly, agreed to accompany her.
THEY WENT TO SEE THE BODY
Inspector Thomas Banister, of the Metropolitan Police’s S-Division, had taken charge of the investigation into the murder of the unknown woman on the Friday night; and, on their arrival at the police station, he escorted them to the mortuary in the hope that they might be able to identify the body of the murdered woman.
He later recalled that, the moment she saw the body at the mortuary, Mary Pearcey exclaimed emphatically, “That’s not her.”
Clara Hogg, however, was not so sure and, having examined the deceased’s clothing, she told the detective that it was her sister-in-law’s clothing, but said that she could not “identify the features” of the cadaver.
Taking them outside Inspector Banister observed, “Surely if she be a relative, and you had been living together, you can form a reliable opinion as to whether it is the person or not.”
He then took them back inside to the view the body.
At this point Mary Pearcey’s behaviour began to arouse his suspicions.
When Clara Hogg again expressed doubt as to whether in was her sister-in-law, Mrs. Pearcey caught hold of her and dragged her away. Clara snapped at her, “Don’t drag me.”
At this point Inspector Banister suggested that Dr. Thomas Bond, who had arrived in order to examine the body, should wipe the blood off the victim’s face.
This was done and, looking again, Clara Hogg at once exclaimed “Oh! That’s her.”
Mary Pearcey again tried to pull her away, and Clara again protested, saying – “Don’t drag me.”
Clara then stepped forward and was about to place her hand on the corpse, when Mrs Pearcey drew back with an expression of horror, saying, “Oh, don’t touch it.”
VIEWING THE PERAMBULATOR
It next became necessary to see the bassinette found in Hamilton-terrace, and this was at once recognised by Miss Hogg as the one her sister-in-law had taken out with the child.
It had apparently experienced very rough usage. The porcelain handle was broken, and the springs seemed to have had to bear a heavy load. There were marks on one side as if it had been tilted over on the ground, and a nut was missing.
Returning home accompanied by several detectives, the two women saw Mr Hogg, who had returned from Rickmansworth having found that his wife wasn’t at her father’s house, and told him what they had seen.
He appeared terrified at what they told him.
The party then accompanied the detectives back to the police station.
THE SEARCH OF MARY PEARCEY’S HOME
By this time Inspector Banister was beginning to entertain grave suspicions about Mary Pearcey; and he decided that a search of her lodgings should be undertaken. He spoke to her about doing so, and she said that she had no objection, and she even gave him the keys of her rooms.
He, therefore, summoned Sergeant Edward Nursey and Police Constable Parsons, and ordered them to go and search the place. On hearing him give this instruction, Mary Pearcey beckoned him to her and said, “I should like to go with them, because I don’t think they will be able to get in.”
Banister gave his consent, and the trio duly set of for 2 Priory Street to carry out the search, arriving at 3.30pm.
According to Nursey, Mary Pearcey was emphatic throughout the journey that she had not seen Phoebe Hogg the previous day.
Nursey later recalled the scene that greeted them when they entered the premises:-
“The door of the kitchen was locked, and the prisoner opened it. On going into the kitchen the room was dark, as the dark green blind was pulled down.
I pulled the blind aside, and saw that two panes of glass were broken. The prisoner said, “I was trying to catch some mice, and broke them.”
I noticed that the hearthrug was saturated with paraffin. I saw also some small splashes of blood upon the wall.
I said to the prisoner, “I believe you saw her yesterday.”
The prisoner appeared agitated, and did not speak so plainly as before.
She said, “I know I should have told you before this. She called about six o’clock, and asked me to take care of the child, and wanted some money, but she did not come inside. I told Clara about it, and she said I had better not say anything about it, as it seems a disgrace to ask for money.””
INSPECTOR BANISTER SENT FOR
In view of what they had found – and the fact that Mary Pearcey now admitted having seen Phoebe Hogg the previous evening – Nursey telegraphed Inspector Banister, and soon he too was crossing the threshold of 2 Priory Street, accompanied by Superintendent Beard.
Banister testified at the inquest as to what happened next, and his testimony was reported in Lloyd’s Weekly News:-
“A search was made, and in a table drawer he found a carving knife with blood on the handle. There was a second carving knife with blood on the handle.
In the fender was a long heavy poker with a ring handle.
Two panes of glass in the window had been smashed, and all the walls and the ceiling were bespattered with blood.
A black skirt, with apparently blood stains on it, was in the kitchen, also an apron which appeared to have recently been washed, had blood stains on it.
There was a rough box and bundle of wood beside it which had blood marks, as had also both the doors in the same compartment.
Blood was also on the floor and window sash, and a rug was very much stained with blood.
There was a very strong smell of paraffin on the rug, as though an attempt had been made to get rid of it.”
Their search also yielded up a card case on which was the name Frank Samuel H. Hogg, the name of the murdered woman’s husband.
MARY PEARCEY WHISTLED
One of he more bizarre aspects of the case was the behaviour of Mary Pearcey whilst the police were searching her rooms.
Inspector Banister later recalled that, when he took the knives and poker into the parlour where Mary Pearcey was sitting, her response was to whistle and assume an air of “perfect indifference.”
He next took the statements of several people in the house, and on returning to the parlour, he found the Prisoner still whistling.
He said to her, “Mrs. Pearcey, I am going to arrest you for the murder of Mrs. Hogg last night, also on suspicion of murdering the female child of Mrs. Hogg.”
Her reaction was to jump up from her chair, and exclaim, “You can arrest me if you like, I am quite willing to go with you. I think you have made a great mistake.”
Banister and Superintendent Beard then took her to the Kentish Town Police-station.
On the way she asked them, “Why do you charge me with the crime?”
“On account of the evidence,” was Banister’s reply.
She retorted, “Well, I would not do such a dreadful thing; I would not hurt anyone.”
At this point, Banister instructed Pearcey to remove her gloves. When she did so, he noticed that she was wearing two wedding rings, one of brass and the other “a very broad gold one.”
He later took the gold one to the mortuary and fitted it to the deceased woman’s finger. It fitted the finger exactly, and it also fitted the impressions in the flesh.
He also noticed a lot of cuts and scratches on her hands.
Both Frank Hogg and the jeweller who had provided him with the wedding ring that he had given to his wife, Phoebe, were emphatic that the gold wedding ring found on Mary Pearcey’s finger was not the same one.
At the Divisional Station, Kentish Town-road, Mary Pearcey was taken to a cell and was searched.
The undergarments showed no indication of anything unusual, but the skirt that she was wearing was saturated with what appeared to be fresh blood, which it had been attempted to remove by washing, but ineffectually.
In consequence of this development, fresh clothing was brought from the local workhouse, and this was exchanged for the clothing the accused had been wearing when she had been brought in, which was sent to doctors for further examination.
THE CHILD’S BODY FOUND
Throughout the whole of Saturday the 25th of October 1890, the mystery of the whereabouts of Phoebe Hanslope Hogg, the 18 month old daughter of the murdered woman, was being pondered by the newspapers.
The mystery was solved when, at 6.30am on the Sunday morning a hawker by the name of Oliver Smith was passing some wasteland on the Finchley Road, whn he noticed something lying in some nettles.
On closer inspection, he found that it was the body of a child lying face downwards. He later stated that “it was thoroughly dressed, with the exception of one boot and sock; I at once went to the police…”
The police officer who came to the scene was Sergeant James Dickerson, who later stated that, on being alerted by Smith, he:-
“…went with him to a field by the side of the Finchley Road, and he pointed out the body of a child lying in the nettles inside the hedge, five or six yards from the footway; I sent for Dr. Biggs, and the body was taken to the Hampstead Mortuary.”
THE DOCTOR’S TESTIMONY
Dr John Maundy Biggs, later testified that:-
“…On the morning of 26th October, about eight, I was called by a constable to see the body of this child; it was about five or six yards from the road; it was lying on its left side with its head bent on its breast – the body was stiff and cold.”
There were no signs of violence on the child’s body, and it appeared that she had died either from exposure or suffocation.
Poignantly, the newspapers reported that the little girl’s body was taken to the mortuary and laid alongside the body of her mother.
FRANK HOGG AND MARY PEARCEY
On Monday 27th October 1890 Mary Pearcey, aged 24, appeared at Marylebone Police Court charged with wilfully and feloniously killing and slaying Phoebe Hogg on the 24th Octobr 1890 and was further charged on suspicion of killing and slaying Phoebe Hanslope Hogg, aged 18 months.
The first witness called was Frank Hogg who, so newspapers reported, wept bitterly.
Having stated that the victims were his wife and daughter, and having run through the events of the day on which they went missing, proceedings were interrupted by Inspector Banister who suggested to the presiding magistrate, Mr Cooke, that he be asked if he had called at the prisoner’s house on the night of the murder.
The magistrate asked the bereaved husband if he knew the prisoner to which Frank Hogg replied, “Yes, she had been very friendly with my wife.”
Pressing him further, Mr Cooke enquired, “Did you go round to the prisoner’s house on the night of the murder?”
“Yes,” was Frank Hogg’s reply, “I went there a little after ten o’clock on the 24th October, shortly after I got home.”
“Did you find the prisoner at home?” The magistrate pressed further.
“No sir,” was Hogg’s reply.
“You did not see her?” Asked Mr. Cooke.
“No sir.” Hogg replied again.
“When did you see the prisoner last?” The magistrate asked.
“On the previous Wednesday,” was Hogg’s reply.
“Had there been any quarrel between the prisoner and your wife?”
“No,” Hogg replied.
Again Inspector Banister interjected and asked that the witness be asked if he had a latch key to the prisoner’s house.
Thus questioned Frank Hogg admitted that he did indeed have a latch key to Mary Pearcey’s house and that, unbeknown to his wife, he had been in the habit of visiting her.
FRANK HOGG AT THE INQUEST
Evidently the police had discovered that the relationship between Frank Hogg and Mary Pearcey was anything but platonic and a possible motive was beginning to dawn on them. Indeed, at first they even suspected that Frank Hogg may have, in some way, been involved in the murder of his wife, albeit this line of enquiry was dropped early on in the investigation.
However, Frank Hogg, wasn’t completely off the hook and, at the joint inquest into the deaths of his wife and daughter, he was forced to admit:- “I visited Mrs Pearcey two or three times a week, and must admit I was on intimate terms with her, but I do not think my wife knew anything about it.”
Bizarrely, he also went on to inform the inquest that, during these illicit liaisons, “… Mrs. Pearcey, has often asked after my wife and child, but always spoke very highly of her.”
Frank Hogg’s testimonies concerning his infidelity at Mary Pearcey’s initial court appearance and at the inquest into the deaths of his wife and child, were reported extensively in the press with the result that public opinion quickly turned against him and he began to face open hostility from men and women alike.
JOHN CHARLES PEARCEY’S TESTIMONY
The cardigan, which had been found wrapped around Phoebe Hogg’s head, it transpired belonged to John Charles Pearcey who told the inquest that he was a carpenter and joiner; and that he was a single man living in High-street Camden Town.
He said that he had “known the person called Mrs Pearcey since 1885” when she was about eighteen or nineteen years of age.
He testified that, although they had in the past cohabited, they had never actually married, and so her real name was, in fact, Mary Eleanor Wheeler.
They had, he said, been separated for two years, although he had frequently seen her standing at her gate.
He identified the cardigan that had been wrapped around the victim’s head as having belonged to him, albeit it was too shabby to wear and, as a result, he had never had it repaired and had left it with his lover when they separated.
THE CORONER’S SUMMING UP AND VERDICT
Summing up at the inquest, the Coroner informed the jury that reviewing the relations between Mr. Hogg and Mary Pearcey, it was for them [the jurors] to decide whether or not the evidence, taken as a whole, pointed to Mrs. Pearcey as the person by whom the injuries were inflicted.
If they thought so, it was for them to consider what was likely to have been her motive in getting rid of Mrs Hogg and the child, and whether she might have regarded them as obstacles in her way to a union with Mr. Hogg.
They should, he counselled, recollect that jealousy sometimes led people to commit the gravest and most fearful crimes, and, with regard to the violence that had evidently been used, they should bear in mind what added strength was given when the passions and the determination were thoroughly aroused.
Mrs Pearcey and Mrs Hogg, he reminded them, were not on friendly terms, and it might seem strange that the latter should have paid a visit to 2 Priory Street.
At the same time, he observed, it was quite possible that Phoebe Hogg accepted an invitation to visit Mary Pearcey in the hope of eliciting something fresh concerning the intimacy which she suspected to exist between Mrs Pearcey and her husband, and that then a quarrel arose between the two women.
On the other hand, there was the more horrible theory that Mrs Pearcey enticed the deceased into her house in order to execute a malicious design.
Having heard the Coroner’s summing up, the jury took less than a minute to find:-
“Mrs Phoebe Hogg’s death was caused by injuries inflicted by Mary Eleanor Wheeler, otherwise known as Mrs Pearcey, and that Wheeler was guilty of wilful murder. They came to the same conclusion with regard the child.”
BETTER LIGHTING REQUIRED
Meanwhile, on 28th of October 1890, The Pall Mall Gazette, had drawn yet another parallel between the Hampstead murder and the Jack the Ripper murders of 1888 by observing that none of the lessons learnt from the Whitechapel crimes appeared to have been adopted:-
“There is, at any rate, one lesson to be learnt from the Hampstead murder, or it is the old lesson of the Whitechapel horrors reinforced – namely, that the best way to make London safe at night is to light the streets efficiently.
The street in which the murdered woman’s body was found at Hampstead was “badly lighted;” everyone of the spots on which Jack the Ripper’s victims were found was “badly lighted.”
Moreover, without these hideous proofs of the dangers of dark spots, it is sufficiently obvious that the facilities for committing or concealing crime are enormously increased by darkness.
But yet we go on contentedly submitting to the half-lit streets and totally unlit alleys that constitute ninety per cent of the roadways of London.
The local authorities when appealed to for better lights plead that gas lamps cost money.
But so do policemen, and judges, and sheriffs, and hangmen.
It is better economy, as well as better humanity, to spend a sovereign in preventing a murder than ten sovereigns in catching and hanging a murderer.”